Daily Archives: October 9, 2021

Q) How has the writer of the text used style and language to convey meaning? By Shayaan Khan


The title of this passage is Getting Lost, which is a straightforward title, telling you about what will happen in this extract. It is written by Matt Inman and is a straight page taken out from his books. The purpose of this text is to show people that if you felt like you lost and have no ways to go, you still go with a smile on your face because if you do, it may take you to the destination you want to see. It tells you to never give up and keep on fighting for the thing you longed for.

The writer uses informal language, this is more friendly and feels natural for the reader, as he knows that this is not that much of a serious story. This extract is meant to be for adults mainly as children cannot travel without their parents or guardian. Adults can get lost easily without knowing about any of the areas, and this passage tells them that they must not put on an angry face even if they think they have lost.

The tone of this passage is informal and chaotic, the reader explains his journey in a quick way without wasting any time. This can be called chaotic as his writing sometimes gets messy but that is the gist of the story and makes it work even more, this way the reader can engage in the story more and feels more relaxed then needing to spot every single detail. The main theme of this extract is ‘Survive with a smile’, this means that you must work hard towards your goal even if you have no knowledge of getting to it, it makes you strive for it and try to get there as soon as possible. By this, it makes the goal a more worthy destination and gives you more satisfaction.

The writer tends to go for the more straightforward passage, like “In the middle of nowhere and essentially unable to communicate with anyone.”, this shows that he does not want to waste time in telling every single detail and makes the text more interesting for the reader, giving him a feeling of satisfaction. Plus, with this, it allows him to send the message without over-complicating it and gets the message straight to the readers head. He also shows the message one more time in a separate subtitle passage to make sure that people did not get confused by the story and that they were not only reading for fun. He shows this as a nightmare in his first subtitle’s paragraph but in the second subtitle, he makes sure that people do not think of this as some pity train but as a story about a man striving to reach his goal as soon as possible.

The writer also tends to ask more rhetorical questions, as shown, “Where would have been the fun in that?” This is used to make the reader more into the story and made him think about the passage way more often. A rhetorical question sticks the question to the reader’s mind and makes him think about the passage a lot.

 The writer also likes to use alliteration as it is shown in the extract, “…fact…frustrated…”. This gives a more rhythmic flow to the story and makes it smoother. By doing this, it allows the reader to be focused on a particular part of the text and makes him more absorbed in the passage. Not only this, but this can also make him enjoy some parts of the text and makes him want to read it again and again just to get to that specific part to catch the same feeling he felt while reading it for the first time.

The writer also uses the exclamation marks, such as “‘go with the flow’” this is used to  create a sense of sarcasm and gives the reader a more comfortable feeling with the passage and allows him to read the passage more comfortably and not be too disturbed by it. 

The writer uses first person to give it more personal feeling as he uses,”I…I”, this is to make the reader in the exact same shows as the writer and feel the same emotions as him and not make him feel like it is a straightforward story.

The writer uses more straightforward sentences and tells it in such a way that the reader feels comfortable and is more invested in the story.


Q) How has the author used style and language to convey meaning? By Alisher Janassayev


The passage written by Matt Inman named getting lost is about how foreign tourist is getting lost in totally different environment for him. He was traveling to Korea, Boesong Green Tea Fields. This trip to Korea will forever remain in his head. 

The form of this passage is a story. Matt Inman, is a story about how a tourist got lost in an absolutely hopeless situation. Writer has given a hyperbole in the lines 3-4. “I thank the universe for smartphones”. It create a larger-than-life effect and overly stress a specific point. In his situation, the smartphone became his main savior. 

On the bus stop, he couldn’t relax and focus on his book. This certain feeling of insecurity was present in the author. He started his nervousness from the fact that he had never overcome such a path to the fact that was he sitting at the right bus stop. 

Passage discovered the theme of getting lost, unknown city and language barrier. the language barrier played a major role when he tried to ask the driver about rightness of his path. The audience of a passage is: travelers, future tourist of Korea and thrill fans. 

Author has given absolute hopelessness. He added about his injured leg and outside rain. A terrible picture emerges as a tourist in an unknown city for him got lost with a wounded leg and in the rain. He took out his half-dead phone and started downloading the Subway map. This is how he got to his right path. 

Writer has given an irony, “ All is these thing can be extremely frustrating, as I walked down those unknown streets with a limp and raining on my face, I couldn’t help but smile”. In such a difficult situation, not everyone can smile. We see that the author has come to terms with the situation, with a smile on his face he went to look for a way out of this problem. 

In final analysis, the author never regrets this trip, although he still did not reach his destination. The author justifies this by the fact that without all this, without a broken leg and without rain, his story would be boring and only about Korea. Perhaps with this he showed Korea from the other side.

Q) How has the writer of the text used style and language to convey meaning? By Anna Khattak 


This is a passage taken from the Washington post and is titled “some birds are so stressed by noise pollution it looks like they have PYSD.” 

The structure is that of an article ,the genre is nonfiction.The language of the passage is simple yet engaging and the audience can range from young adults to adults. The tone of the passage is semi formal while the purpose is to inform the reader. 

The author has used quite a bit of pathos throughout the passage,we can see this in the lines “the bluebird didn’t realise what she was getting herself into”, “her stress hormone levels become skewed”, etc. 

These have an intended effect of invoking a sense of pity for the bird, in the audience. 

Another literary technique used by the author is the use of triples, “noise pollution ,abnormal levels of stress hormones and lower survival rates”, this has an intended effect of engaging the readers, making the passage more interesting and overall making the passage flow easily. 

Throughout the text we also see a lot of quotes from medical experts and experts on the topic, for example “noise is causing birds to be… offsprings”, “There’s evidence that being able to have a full auditory experience is essential for optimal health in both species” etc. This makes the passage seem more well researched ,professional and believable. 

The author has also used Jargon sporadically throughout the passage, for example “cardiovascular problems”, “ constant arousal and hyper vigilance” etc This has an intended effect of again making the passage more professional and well researched and also helps engage the reader more. 

The writer has used short dramatic sentences abundantly in the passage, we can see these in the lines “But this was an acoustic degradation of the environment” , “it gets really tricky” these have an intended effect of making the passage more dramatic and interesting to read.

The author has also used references in the passage for example , “Goldilocks distance” This makes the passage more interesting for the reader. 

With the use of these stylistic and linguistic devices the author has been able to deliver his point quite clearly to the audience, while simultaneously engaging them in the passage.

Q) How has the writer of the text used style and language to convey meaning? By Maryam Sheikh


“Getting lost” the title of the text is rather simple and needs no deep explanation. The story is recent and takes place in Korea. The writer planned to take a trip the the green tea fields in Boseong. The author begins his journey by getting on a train to the green tea fields and, as he does that he explains that his whole intention was to get lost or have a mini adventure.the writer seems quite adventurous and daring, daring enough to get lost in a foreign country. As he began his train ride he decided to read a book. As he reached a change over confusion struck him, he tried asking the driver for help but due to the language barrier he couldn’t help. He got off and looked up where he had to go on his phone. The writer had previously mentioned that he thanked the universe for smart phones cause without them we’d be lost. Well here he was lost alone in a foreign country. He managed to find out that he was supposed to go. The language is quite simple in the text and quite easy to understand. The text is written in medium sized paragraphs and small paragraphs. The theme is quite interesting as it is about challenges and how to overcome them and how to be positive. In the end this trip was worth it for him. 

Q)How has the writer of the text used style and language to convey meaning? By Mujtaba Asim


This text is an extract from the story called “Getting Lost” written by Matt Inman, in this story the author has narrated and described his journey to Boseong, city of Korea and how he got lost between his dreadful journey heading there. The writer has used figurative language as well as many other vocabulary effects to enhance the meaning of his paragraph, to attract more readers and help them understand the passage more deeply.

Notice that the structure of the passage is narrative so the writer varies his way of speaking and has changed it from informal to sometimes formal, changing the passage from formal to informal, and from informal to formal in the middle of text creates a dramatic effect. Through the structure, which is narrative, the author is able to fully develop the plot, the characters and their actions, and lead us to the lesson of the story and help us in understanding it.

The tone of the writer, also known as the writer’s attitude is really sceptical and optimistic, “I hopped on the bus and tried to relax with a book, focusing on the book was difficult as I had never done this journey before”. You can see here that this is the writer’s first time travelling to Boseong and he really didn’t what was for him ahead; he is sceptical because this place is new to him and he doesn’t even speak the language spoken there, that makes the journey really difficult for him yet he remains calm and remains optimistic even when he got injured. The writer being sceptical and optimistic engages the reader in reader the complete story to see if the author was lucky enough to witness what he thought about, to see if the future is really bright.

This extract mainly attracts people who are tourists or travellers, or other people who are new to a country so the audience includes travellers and mainly young-adults and adults since the extract is a travel log and has a jolly pace, these people find this story really interesting and attracting because the passage itself is about travelling to new places and your experience there, so if any one of these readers think of going to Boseong or any other place, this extract can be of use to them.

The author has also used rhetorical questions in his passage, “Where would have been the fun in that?”. This is a figure of speech which the writer has used to add emphasis on his lesson, he thinks that if there were no difficulties during the journey, it would’ve been boring. Using rhetorical question in the passage persuades and influences the audience, it is mainly used to emphasize a point and force the reader into thinking about the passage more.

Notice that the writer also has used personification in the end of his passage, “The roads will take you.”. This is another example of a figure of speech and using personification can help readers understand or react emotionally to non-human characters. It creates a relation between the audience and the non-human characters which are included in the passage.

In the conclusion, the passage is a mix of greatly used vocabulary to emphasize and deeply help the audience understand the meaning of the passage, to help the reader understand the lesson of the story and what is its true meaning. The writer has successfully explained his story with using different figurative language and using different tones and structures which has attracted many readers and made the story worthy of being read. 

Q) How has the writer of the text used style and language to convey meaning? By Zaaria Fahd


In this text, the writer Matt Inman talks about his experience of getting lost in Korea. He focuses on the idea that ‘its silly to get upset when things take a different course than you wanted.” Throughout this text there is a genuine and optimistic theme that almost suddenly puts the reader in a spontaneous or adventurous mood and with a particularly positive outlook on life.

 The writer has written this text in a first person narrative. His writing style as shown is very casual as if he is telling a story of his to a friend. You can see he is trying to include a smart amount of suspense for the reader. This can be seen from his efforts of including details such as him being lost in Korea with not being very good at speaking Korean. Although it seems that in way the writer is trying to convey a message to the reader. This is that we should make the most of bad times.

This brings me to my next argument which is his constant reminder to the reader that they should never feel bad when they are in a crisis and that positive thinking is the right thing to do. He talks about how if you are already in a tough situation, negative thinking will not help whereas positive thinking can lighten your mood and give you some hope. This is a constant theme throughout for example when the writer says, “All of these things can be extremely frustrating but as I walked down those unknown streets with a limp, and rain falling on my face, I couldn’t help but smile.”

My last argument is that the writer talks about experiencing the best life you can overall. His spontaneous and cheerful attitude shows the reader that they should live life to the fullest and never look back. This attitude Could change someones entire outlook on their life and give them a brand new perspective. 

Overall, in my opinion this text is a great inspiration to those who are held back due to the fear of not being able to fully live their life. It shows that something as different as getting lost in Korea can be turned into a whole new situation of adventure, experience and enjoyment. 

Q)How have the authors of passage one and two addressed their opinions about visiting a new place/country? By Zara Irfan


Passage A is an extract is an extract from the travel writing ‘Neither Here Nor There’, written by the writer Bill Bryson. Passage B whereas, is from the novel ‘Slum Dog Billionaire’, drafted by the author Vikas Swarup. Both of these writings are in their own way encourage able, the intended effect of the first one being expressive and entertaining, highly reflecting that of passage B, which is also very engaging. 

Rounding up all of the similarities first, the most evident similarity would be the theme of both passage A and passage B, which is ‘travel’. They are intended to systemize new experiences and exploration which can be evident in passage A when the writer says, “I had no map not even the vaguest sense of geography.” Passage B on the other hand says, “The Taj Mahal, I had heard about it.” These examples show signs of cluelessness.

Second, the audience of both the extracts is more or less the same as well, mainly for travelers, adults and young adults. For example, the first passage says, “Naples looked even worse after Sorrento and Capri”. Passage B correspondingly says, “The Taj Mahal. The eighth wonder of the world.” These basic lines show that these extracts are intended for people interested in travel.

Style is another one of the similarities visible as both passages are narratives and fervently descriptive at the same time. “Were obscured by a wispy haze and Naples across the bay appeared to have been taken away by the night,” (Passage A) and “Thirty minutes of brisk walking along the embankment brings me to an enormous red sandstone entrance gate.” (Passage B) provide backup to this statement. This creates a visual image of the scene unfolding in the reader’s mind and makes the work more appealing.

Apart from this, these extracts from ‘Neither Here Nor There’ and ‘Slumdog Billionaire’ revolve around a hefty amount of figures of speech. For example, personification like ‘tumbling fog’ in passage one and ‘swelling dome’ in passage two and alliteration like “purity of it’s perfection” in passage two have been used. Through this, color is added to the authors work and the writing becomes much more interesting to read as well, attracting readers like bees are to honey.

Another similarity would be the obvious humor highlighting the stories. They are both coincidentally comical and sarcastic at the same time, which makes the readers feel light and focused on reading ahead. Humor can be spotted in passage A when the writer says, “unattended children, often naked from the waist down, in filthy T-shirts” and in passage B in the following words, “glimpse of a dead body floating on its surface.”

In both extracts statistical and factual intel has also been provided to the reader, the exact words of Bill Bryson in passage B being, “the pettier crimes like car theft (29,000 per year)”, and of Vikas Swarup in passage B, “TAJ MAHAL ENTRY FEES: INDIANS RS.20”. This technique is a clever way to make the writer’s words seem much more believable and at the same time backs up their stance accordingly.  All in all, it also provides the reader with knowledge, understanding of an idea and a chance to discover fresh information.

Moving on to the differences, both these passages carry different content. Even though they both are themed as ‘travel’, the narratives are about two deflecting places and specific experiences. For example, the first one talks about a visit to ‘Naples’ (“I purchased a ticket on a slow ferry to Naples”) and the second passage talks about the Taj Mahal- a place in India (“That is the Taj Mahal, idiot”). Varying contents provide the readers with a wide range of variety and new concepts to view.

Language, at the same time, is also a bit different. Despite usage of an ample amount of figures of speech and literary techniques, passage A is conducted through a rather formal tone. The author, for example, says, “where the old rascal used to have guests who displeased him.” These words show that they are not used in casual, normal conversations whereas in passage B the language is in fact conversational and semi-formal. Vikas Swarup uses lines like, “That is the Taj Mahal you idiot.” This creates an image of informality and makes the story easy to read and comprehensive.

Attitude of passage A and passage B is somewhat in neglect to each other. In passage A the attitude remains skeptical throughout, even till the very end. For example, the author uses words like, “mean, cavernous, semi-paved alleyways,” for the streets of Naples. The writer of passage B, however, has a fluctuating attitude. He is being expressive in a way where he keeps a good balance between the negatives and the positives. He says, “Taj Mahal rises in all it’s beauty and splendor.” This way we can say that passage A brings about a biased opinion and uses an attacking stance, forcing the readers to agree whereas passage B at the same time creates a light flow and somewhat calms the reader with its factual and expressive nature.

Now wrapping up everything, both these passages share similar traits in being resourceful and expressive by using many literary devices. They also share the same theme and humor. However, clear differences can be jotted down as well on first look, for example their content, language and attitude varies immensely.