Daily Archives: July 13, 2019


  1. How do the writers of both passages present the ‘explosion’ of the cyber world? Compare the language, style, and context of both passages using close references.

The first passage has the title ‘it’s so over: cool cyber kids abandon social networking sites’ and is from the newspaper called ‘The Guardian’. The second passage is entitled ‘Social websites ham children’s brains’ and is taken from the newspaper known as ‘Mail Online’.

The content of passage one is about how many adults are becoming more active social networking sites, perhaps even more than some of the youngsters. This is evident when “15 to 24 year olds have now been over-run by 25 to 34 year olds.” However the content of passage two, though also on social websites, is about the harmful effects of social media on children; how day to day usage of social websites affects youngsters in their day to day lives. This is apparent when “social networking websites are causing alarming changes in the brains of young users.” The intended effect in passage one is to appeal to the general sense and grab the reader’s attention on the present day situation of social media. The intended effect of passage two is to evoke strong emotional responses from the reader by telling them about the harms of social media towards children.

The purpose of both passage one and passage two is informative. In passage one, the author informs the reader of the sudden drop of youngsters and increase of older people online on social networking sites. This is illustrated by, for young people, “percentage of 15 to 24 year olds” and “has dropped for first time” as well as “55% at the start of last year to 50% this year”. For older people “46% of 25 to 34 year olds are now regularly checking up” and “compared to 40% last year”. This backs up the author’s point of view neatly and positions the reader to agree as well. In passage two the writer informs the readers about how using social websites tend to affect the children’s brains and what harmful effects these cause. This is demonstrated by “sites such as Facebook, Twitter and Bebo are said to shorten attention spans.” The writer tells that one of the harmful effects is shortage of attention spans. The intended effect of this passage is also to spread awareness but about the harmful effects of social media.

The intended audience of passage one are young adults and newspaper readers. The writer captures young adults’ attention by telling them of the current situation of social media usage between adults and youngsters. This is demonstrated by “30% of British adults have a social networking profile”. The intended audience of passage two is mainly adults, along with newspaper readers. The writer wants to create awareness of the harms of social websites by attracting the attention of adults. This is apparent when “a growing number of psychologists and neuroscientists believe they may be doing more harm than good”. The intended effect in passage one is to bring youngsters up to date about social media and the intended effect in passage two is to persuade adults to stop their children from using too much social media by triggering emotional responses.

The tone of the first passage is humorous in the beginning, such as “uncles wearing skinny jeans”, “mothers investing in ra-ra skirts” and “kill a youth trend” but then the tone changes to serious in the second paragraph. This is evident when “causing an adolescent exodus from social networking sites”. The tone in passage two is serious as the author is addressing the problems of the harmful effects of social media on children. This is illustrated by “my fear is that these technologies are infiltrating the brain”. The intended effect in both the passages is to tell the reader about the seriousness of the situation of both the abrupt increase of adults on social media and in the second passage of the seriousness of the harm caused by social media.

The theme of passage one is about social media as the writer is talking about the overall usage of adults and the youth on social media. This is shown by the usage of words such as “Facebook” and “My Space” as well as “social networking sites”. The theme of passage two is also social media as the writer talks about the harmful effects of social media. This is illustrated by “Facebook, Twitter and Bebo” all of which are social networking sites. The idea in passage one is to convey the present-day condition of social media to many people and in passage two of the dangers of social media.

The structure of sentences in passage one is mainly simple and compound sentences throughout the entire passage. This is evident when “The cyber world, it seems, is no exception” for simple sentences and “Facebook and My Space remained immensely popular” for compound sentences. The sentence structure in passage two is composed of simple, compound, complex and compound complex sentences such as “A study by the Broadcaster Audience Research Board … seven-and-a-half hours a day in front of a screen. ” (Simple sentence) and “It is hard to see how…result in brains or rather minds….” (Compound sentence) and “she pointed out that autistic people….” (Complex sentence) along with “But they will strike a chord with parents and teachers who complain that….” (Compound complex). The intended effect of both the passages is to create a smooth flow of thought by the variation of sentence types.

The language used in passage one is formal, for example “There is nothing to suggest” and “they are spending less time”. The language used in passage is also formal, such as “they will” and “it is” as well as “we do not know”. This is to make the readers of both the passages not to take the situation lightly.

In conclusion both the writers have produces and effectively engaging piece of writing that spreads awareness to countless people on the current situation of social media and on the harmful effects of social media,



  1. What ideas have been presented in the second passage? Comment on rhetorical devices of the passage by using brief quotations.

This extract ‘Social Websites Harm Children’s Brains’ is from an online newspaper called ‘Mail Online’. The extract is about how social websites can and are harming children’s brains. The structure of this passage is descriptive and informative. The purpose of the writer is informative and the language used in this extract is formal. The intended audience of this passage is adults and all newspaper readers, especially the readers of read newspapers online. The tone of the author is serious in this extract.

The writer has used metaphoric language, though very little, such as “strike a chord with parents and teachers” and “in the same way as killing, skinning and butchering an animal to eat”. The writer tells us that many parents and teachers are in harmony with each other on the negative effects of social websites and also that real conversation might be replaced by text messaging like the killing, skinning and butchering of an animal has been replaced by packaged meat. The use of metaphoric language helps the writer reinforce his point very effectively.

The author has also used statistics and data throughout the passage. This is illustrated by “more than 150 million people use Facebook” and “six million have signed up to twitter”. The writer gives the reader and idea of the amount of users on social networking sites. “Teenagers now spend seven-and-a-half hours”. The author also tells the amount of time spent by most teenagers on their screens. The use of these statistics and figures adds weight to back up the author’s point of view in how harmful these social websites are to children.

The writer has used medical jargon “autism” and also “autistic people”. With these the writer informs the reader about autistic people, those who cannot express their emotions, and how they are affected by these social websites. This gives the reader an impression that the writer has a vast knowledge on this topic and helps convey his message efficiently.

The writer has also presented expert advice and reported the views and opinions of others constantly throughout the passage. This is evident when “Baroness Greenfield, an Oxford University neuroscientist believes repeated exposure could effectively rewire the brain” and “Lady Greenfield told the Lords”. The writer has reported the views of others to convey what these people think and have found out about the problem of social networking. This reinforces the writer’s argument about the harmful effects of social websites.

To conclude the writer has successfully created awareness about the harms caused by social media on children by using various and effective techniques, keeping the reader engaged and creating concern for adults about their children.






  1. Comment on the style and language of passage one using brief quotations.

This passage is taken from a UK based newspaper called “The Guardian” entitled ‘It’s so over: Cool Cyberkids Abandon Social Networking Sites’. The structure of this extract is descriptive. The purpose of this extract is informative as it informs the reader about the social networking sites. The language in the extract is formal and the audience of this passage are all newspaper readers along with children and adults. The tone of this passage is humorous in beginning and then switches to being serious.

The sentence structure of varies from simple to compound sentences throughout the passage. The evidence that suggests this is “The cyber world, it seems, is no exception.” and “The proliferation of parents and teachers trawling the pages of Facebook.” These are some examples of the many simple and compound sentences the writer has used throughout the passage. This variation of the sentence structure creates a smooth flow of thought and keeps the reader continuing to read.

The author has used many statistics throughout the passage regarding social media. This is evident when “from 55% at the start of last year to 50% this year” and “In contrast, 46% of the 25- to 34-year-olds regularly checking up on sites such as Facebook compared with 40% last year”. The writer tells that the amount of young people on social media has dropped as compared to the older people (25-35 year olds) which is increasing. The use of statistics, facts and figures adds weight on the author’s point of view and makes the reader agree with the writer.

The author has used metaphors such as “kill a youth trend” and “love of being online”. This suggests that many people older than 25 are taking over the social media from youngsters and by using figurative language such as metaphors the writer highlights his point efficiently.

The writer has also used jargon such as “proliferation” and with this the writer tells the reader about the rapid increase in the social networking sites of people like parents and teachers. This creates a sense of authority and gives the reader the idea that the writer has a vast knowledge on the current situation of social media and after reading the passage the reader feels more knowledgeable.

The writer has used generalization in the passage. This is evident when “for millions of 15 to 24 year olds have now been over-run by 25-34 year olds”. This tells the reader of how many people older than 25 are driving away younger people from social websites. This helps the writer convey a point efficiently by referring to the general young adults and adults.

In conclusion the writer has produced and effective account on the current situation of social media using various techniques and keeping the reader’s eyes glued to the passage.





Q- Write a descriptive essay titled ‘The Final Breath’ by Ayzer Adeel


We rushed past white tiles and people in aprons and masks. They were talking secretively amongst themselves, eyes us as they knew exactly why we were here.


I ran up stairs and down hallways; the clicking of my sister’s heels besides me and the silence swift of my brother on my other side. We knew which way it was- of course-we had been here far too many times for everything to be okay.


My hand closed around the puppy I was holding, brushing against his silky fur, trying to keep him from shivering. My eyes burned coldly. My fingers tightened.


“Daniel…” Isabelle made me look at her. We had the same blond hair, except mine had actually turned sickly pale.


I grinded my feet into the ground, my shoes choking a ‘squeak’ sound. The door on my right was brown and small; however, it held the heaviest moment of my life behind it. The silver sticker pasted outside the door said ‘Dr. Pearson’. I hated hearing her name now.


I grabbed Bruno tighter. I was sure the pug knew what was coming. I could feel it in the way he buzzed. His big eyes looked at me, shivering and pleading, like large brown teardrops themselves. My heart twisted and knot and churned. I felt faint sweat glazing my forehead, but I didn’t show him any of that, as he was a little angel. So he should be treated as one.


I pulled my lips upwards in a smile, though I was sure it didn’t reach my eyes. it couldn’t….


Shane opened the door, and we went in.


After this, my memory went hazy. Doctor Pearson greeted me with numb words, and after seeing it didn’t change my face, she took Bruno from my hands, I felt her pull out my soul, carelessly cut out a part of it with rusty scissors, only before shoving it back in. I felt nauseous and light headed. My cheekbones felt swollen from the rusty friction I felt in my throat.


Isabelle hugged me and Shane grabbed my shoulder. Though the warmth of her head under me and the reassuring of his hand was unable to take out all the needles I felt pierce my heart, heart that had fallen low enough to be buried.


I saw Bruno’s eyes turn towards me again and I broke.


I ran out the room to shake that out of my head or somehow get away from what was happening. I could feel him whimpering after me, and I could hear it even as the door went ‘thud’.


I couldn’t see what was happening, but I felt it as if my leaving made no difference. I felt the needle cut through his skin, as if it had gone through my own. I felt him fall as I myself fell on the ground.


And worst of all?


I felt him looking around for me. Wishing I was next to him, praying even. I felt gravity pull at me more like little fishhooks. I wasn’t with him at his final moments, just like I wasn’t with him at his first.


I broke down crying.


‘Its so over: Cool kids abandon social networking sites’ from the Guardian by Arisha Khan


Q1) Comment on the style and language of passage one using brief quotations

This Passage “Cool Cyber kids abandon social networking sites” is taken from “The Guardian”. The author addresses young adults and people who are interested in such passages in a semi-formal tone and passive voice. Its content, social networking sites informs the audience about certain problems online and persuades them to use less of these sites in order to prevent cyber bullying. The main theme of this newspaper report is social networking.

The writer introduces statistics which helps the reader believe in what the right has to say. “46% of 25-35 year olds are now regularly checking up on sites such as Facebook” or”15-24year olds who have a profile on social sites dropped from 55% at the start of last year of 50% of this year” This helps the reader in understanding the authors point of view logically and it adds weight to the authors point making it irrefutable.

However The author of the this news report also uses adjectives such as “nodding awkwardly “this adds emphasis to the writers idea and helps in understanding the author and the scenario it is used in. This also indicates how the father felt as they were in slight discomfort

The repetition of Jargon such as “Facebook”,”My Space” and “Ofcom” in this passage creates a sense of authority and puts the author in a space where it seems as if he knows all about the technical language, as well as leaves the reader thinking

Moreover the writer also uses Colloquial Language, “rara skirts” this adds more of an informal tone to the passage creating a light mode for audience as the rest of the passage is quite serious.

Subsequently the writer also connotes alliteration in this passage “proliferation of parents” this adds meaning to the phrase and more emphasis to the passage. Which lets the reader have a more concentrated mind and stay hooked to the passage.

The writer even states the issue of social media and how it imapcts the young generation as well as the older generation as well as the older generation. “While older people seem to be embracing social networking sites, Facebook, MySpace remained immensely popular with children under 16”. This shows that children are attached more towards the social sites than they have ever been hence the author tries to convince the reader in agreeing with his statement.

Therefore the author narrates metaphors too, “adolescent exodus” indicates that the children or younger generation is leaving their old childhood away behind in the worst way possible and interacting via social media sites more than they should.

Initially, “The guardian” writer tries to persuade and inform the audience with the repetition of statistics which helps making his “statements” “facts”; he uses different techniques with different effects. He uses other techniques such as jargon, metaphor, alliteration, colloquial language and much more to make the author feel and believe in his thinking

AO2: Interview James Mcavoy by Ayesha Farrukh 9-E



The extract is called ‘Interview’ and it shows us an interview with Georgie Henley and James McAvoy. They played Lucy and Mr. Tumnus respectively in the movie edition of the novel ‘The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe’. The extract shows a series of questions being asked by the actors with the purpose of giving the audience, who could range from children to young adults an inside view of the movie, the characters, their feelings and experiences.

The interviewer starts off with questions related to the movie, where the actors reveal that they have developed an actual friendship outside of the film. They also explain the somewhat unusual friendship between Lucy and Mr. Tumnus. James expresses that he feels that they were “nearly the same person” and that is what is so special about them, that even though there is a huge age difference between the characters, they become instant friends. Georgie adds on by saying “they connect” and James continues the thought by saying “Yes, they connect in a really fundamental way, because they’re very similar.”

The questions then turn personal like, how they liked filming in New Zealand and we can see the shift to personal when Georgie revealed that she got inspired to write two books because of New Zealand. They were lastly asked a very personal question, about what was the hardest aspect about filming, to which they both answered being away from their loved ones.

Now, in my opinion the whole extract conveys a message of friendship. It shows us the real life friendship between the actors and how they think alike judging by their answers to the questions. The tone was very positive, cheerful and happy, but towards the end it got a bit gloomy as it was a topic that was difficult for the actors to talk about, staying away from their family and friends.  This particular part of the extract makes the reader feel sympathy. The theme was about friendship and compassion, the friendship of the actors and their shared compassion towards filming and each other. The writer particularly conveys the message of friendship through the tone. The way they interacted with each other and their moods showed us that they respected and cared for each other a lot, like their fictional counterparts. The message of friendship was also conveyed through the vocabulary used. They both switched from formal to informal. The message was also conveyed through their body language, the way they were very comfortable and relaxed around each other.

In conclusion, the writer used multiple different aspects to convey the same message that of friendship along with trust, compassion and respect.



Write an escape story by Fatima Ahmed


Another bomb explosion, I realize as I feed my son the last piece of bread. Hiding underground is going to get harder, I think to myself. Do I stay here and die or go out there and risk dying? I’m lost in my thoughts when I hear Tyler say, “Dad, can we play a game?” I reply that of course we can. As I count to three and open my eyes, I know this is now or never.


“We’ve never played this game before. Did you make it up?” Tyler asks as I help him climb up our little headquarters. I know that we can no longer stay here; it’s just not safe. This doesn’t make it any easier, though.


“I want to try something new, Ty,” I say as nonchalantly as possible. I kneel down to face him, knowing this could perhaps be our last time together. “Now remember, our mission is to cross the field without getting hit. You can do that, you’re my brave soldier.” Tyler confirms excitedly and I give him a tight squeeze before pushing the tile up, exposing the raw battlefield. It is complete mayhem; there is blood everywhere. Bodies lay down on the ground with their weapons untouched. I see tankers coming from afar and quickly nudge Tyler to move faster. Cries of help fill the air, winces and groans are persistent. The air is foggy, I can hardly see anything. We stealth across and my body freezes as I hear a gun load on my head.


“Who are you?” an armored man asks with contempt. I cannot risk exposing my identity, they would chop my head off there and then. I feel Tyler creep behind my legs. I panic.


“I’m a person who only wants to protect his son. Please let us go.”


“Where did you come from?” I see him investigate my body and my heart beats faster and harder; if he sees the tattoo on my am, he’ll figure out I’m a refugee. Before I can even think, my fist collides against his face – I carry Tyler and bolt forward, never looking back. There is a fence far ahead. If I can make it there, I am safe. Tyler is safe. That is what I’m thinking when I fall upside down into a ditch – not now, I say to myself and I hear Tyler whine in pain, do not stop now.


“Dad, I’m scared. I don’t think I like this game.”


“No, no, son this is just a little detour. You see that wire fence over there?  We make it there and we win.”


“What will we win?”


“A huge reward. Now, I need you to be strong, young man. Whatever happens just don’t stop running.” I see him nod as we fire along in midst of war. The fence is becoming larger and I feel a slight relief.


Suddenly I hear a siren. My heart sinks when I realize that’s the siren of surrender. My mind races but I keep running. I can’t stop, I won’t stop. My eyes blink faster as I begin to see the glass shed moving down to barricade the fence. “Run, Tyler. Before the shed closes, we have to make it,” I scream with all might. It is chaos. I can hear defense vehicles moving away, the firing has stopped.


The war is over.


But my war has just begun. We reach the fence and I throw Tyler across. He holds out a hand and as I try to reach it, I trip. The shed is inches away – I hear Tyler shout: “Dad! Dad, get up!”


I see it then. I see the look on his face. I see the horror he feels and remember how I’d move oceans to restore a smile on his face. They can do anything to me but I won’t let them hurt my son. I crawl as fast as my body allows me and the shed closes on my legs. I wince; it is painful, it is intolerable. I try to squeeze through…it doesn’t work. Then I feel a weight pulling on my opposite side: Tyler. He falls as he pulls me towards him.


“Oh my boy, my brave soldier.” I envelope him in my arms, scared to ever let go. We stand up and see a barren field, the smell of dry blood and smoke hovers over our noses. I locate airplanes flying overhead. At least we made it out alive, at least we made it out of that warzone.


“Is it over, dad?” Have we won?” I take his hand to support myself and whisper yes. In my heart, I know this is just the beginning.




Informal letter by Taha Hayee 9-F



2822 Arizona Terrace NW

Washington 20016

United States of America

November 6th 2017



Dear Giulio,


Hey man! How are you and your family? I’m really missing you guys. I really wish I could still be there… But it’s not that bad here! There’s a lot to see! I can’t even believe it! But with good also comes some annoying things. But who cares! I LOVE IT!


Some good-wait not good, AMAZING things I saw was SNOW! There was actually real life freaking SNOW!!! It was like amazing cold fluff balls falling out of the sky. It was absolutely great. I was so flabbergasted! Some other stuff that is here is Dark Restaurant windows. I’m guessing it was for privacy or something like that. There were also a lot of coke cans and other junk food stuff on the ground. Americans are scary fat! Our family also went through a car wash after seeing some advertisement for $350 washes. It was nothing like Pakistan. You actually get to sit in the car and through the car wash. It was weird when the machines put the soap on the car and then we went through these furry long pillars that along with water washed our car. It was crazy! But dude! The shopping. I mean like… what!? It was so cool. I have never seen a shop like this. It wasn’t just a shop for grocery, it even had a coffee shop and a small place to eat. So instead of being dragged around by my parents, I could just chill and eat! Mind blowing, right!


There were also so many things you find here that are enjoyable. First of all instead of these hot stuffy buses there were air-conditioned ones. You could relax and do anything you wanted. The bus didn’t stop when you yelled out to the conductor. Oh no, no, no! Just press a button on the wall and the bus will stop just like that! Bro, but the best thing was the snowball fights, sledding and so much more. Even in the cold snow you would start sweating after a good snow showdown. It was so much fun! Snow is so freaking fluffy and you can even eat it. I have never ever, ever, I mean never tasted anything as good as snow. Yum! (Just kidding, but it was pretty good). Our house was huge. There is so much space. I have no idea how we are going o furnish everything. But the best part of the house was the green lawns. They are so good for football and I can’t wait for me to get a football, and goals so I can practice. Americans are so helpful and friendly! The day after we moved in our neighbors actually came over and brought food. It was delicious!


But sadly with good things also come some bad things as well. One is that even though the city is beautiful the streets are extremely noisy and there is A LOT of traffic. The streets also had some WEIRD smells! Sometimes when I’m walking to the bus stop I feel like I am going to puke my guts out. I start to gag like crazy. Also since my dad is still doing his residency and hasn’t started to specialize yet we aren’t getting a lot of money. It’s only, guess $…! I couldn’t believe when I found out! The snow is amazing but it does cause some annoying things. It causes low visibility at the airport which delayed our flight. That was so annoying and my …. Family was mad. There were even delays of the taxi to arrive at the airport because of the very heavy snow. Also when we got home we were stuck and couldn’t leave because there was… 3 ft of snow!!! It was absolutely horrible.


It has been a crazy ride for my family dude. But we have settled in and are so far moving along. I hope that you can visit because I miss you. Also together we can experience more new things, have fun and also get annoyed by U.S.A.


Hope to see you soon,


Taha Hayee

AO3: Kitchen confidential and Traffic controller by Taha Hayee



  1. Q) Compare how the writers of Text one and Text Two convey their ideas and experiences. Support your answer with examples from both texts. (15 marks)


Text one is taken from an autobiography titled, ‘Kitchen Confidential’ written by Anthony Bourdain. While text two is a newspaper article taken from, ‘The Guardian’ newspaper titled, “Sky High: The Air Traffic Controller” written by Leo Benedictus. Both passages are non-fiction pieces due to the statistics and real-life facts included. In text one, the tone changes throughout the passage. Some tones included were praise, admiration, enthusiastic annoying and humor. However, in text two the tone stayed constant as very light and casual. The mood created in text one is light, humorous and sympathetic while text two only created light and calm mood. Both aimed to have audiences that are interested in the career fields discussed. For example, in text one future chefs were targeted while in text two future ATC’s were aimed for. Also, both authors wanted people to be informed about the job they were talking about. The theme was shared by both passages being work. Both passages show similar themes and qualities; however, they also included individual elements that made the theme unique.

One similarity between the two passages is the element of determination and the willingness to work. For example, in text one it says, “My willingness to work for peanuts”. Also in text two it says, “seems a master of it now … sounds right up my street”. In text one the author talks about how they love to work and would work for even little money. Similarly, in text two the author talks about how Becky Evans is a master of her hob and has come a long way working hard. Another similarity was that there was a sense of challenge in both texts. For example in text one it says, “sat a little over 200 people”. Also in text two it says, “dramatic types of pressure… engine failure”. Both texts talk about how each job has some sort of challenge. The Chef’s job can be overwhelming when many people are ordering at once and the ATC job can be challenging and dramatic when dealing with a serious emergency such as decompression or engine failure.

An additional similarity between the two texts is, that both used literary devices to convey their ideas and experience. For example in text one, “on the strength of my diploma”. Also in text two, “25 aircraft an hour jostling for her attention”. Both texts put these personifications into use. In text one it is used to show the intelligence of the author, however in text two it is used to show how busy an ATC’s job can get. Another similarity is that there is an element of humor included in both texts. In text one it states, “comical scene as the overweight, Italian chef would hurt himself down the narrow line”. Also in text two it states, “little smile at the memory of this comically tiny flight”. This shows that both texts use some sort of humor even though most of the text is not related to the rest of the text. It is like a little surprise among the line of the text.

One dissimilarity is that text one had a much more chaotic tone than text two. For example in text one it says, “have to be dragged off to recuperate”. Then in text two, “casually…calmly”. This shows how text one had much more chaos and drama while text two was significantly more calm and casual. Another difference is that there was more struggle and endeavor in text one than text two. For example in text one it says, “sat about another 150 … all of it serviced simultaneously by a single, central kitchen. Also in text two it says, “I don’t find it stressful”. This shows that text one has much more struggle and endeavor as a chef must cook for a lot of people at once. However the ATC job is not as stressful as everyone thinks and is actually quite peaceful according to the text.

An additional difference is that text one included much more emotive language and descriptive words than text two. For example in text one it says, “unbearable dry, radiant heat … soaked through with sweat”. These are the words included in text one to aid in conveying the ideas and experiences, however text two did not include this technique. One last difference is that in text one the mood changes from admiration to excitement to sympathy. On the other hand in text two it stays quite constant at light and casual. For example in text one it says, “willing to do anything… major league cooks”. This show the mood shifts in text one. But in text two the author used words like, “controlled” and “perfectly calm” to maintain a light and calm mood throughout the text.

In conclusion both texts use various techniques and elements such as admiration, calmness, and enthusiasm to help convey the ideas and experiences of the job it is talking about. However at the same time both texts contain certain unique elements and qualities that help them stand out.


                                                                                AO2: The Kitchen by Taha Hayee 9-F                                                                                 



  1. Q) How does the writer convey his feelings and experiences of his job a the restaurant? You should support your answer with close reference to the passage, including brief quotations. (10 marks)

This passage is taken from the autobiography, “Kitchen Confidential”, written by Anthony Bourdain. This passage is non-fiction piece including various statistics and numbers. This passage contains multiple tones that change throughout the passage including, enthusiasm, praise, annoyed and also some elements of humor. The mood created by the writer is very casual and light, however at one point it was also humorous. Also by closely analyzing the text, it is evident that the author aims to have an audience of people who want to be chefs. The author’s purpose is to inform others about the profession and how it is behind the scenes in a restaurant kitchen. Also, the main theme present in the passage is work as the text talks about the life of a chef and focuses on the experiences of Anthony Bourdain in that profession. The author uses the various tones, moods, and literary devices to convey his feelings and experiences to the audience.

As the passage opens the writer is very excited and shows his enthusiasm for his new job. He uses different techniques to help describe his feelings, for example, “my willingness to work for peanuts”. The writer uses this colloquial expression to show his determination and enthusiasm. It lets the reader know that he is excited about his new job. The writer also says in the text, “I felt as if I was blasting off to the moon”. This simile used by the author shows that he wants to produce the effect that he is extremely jolly and excited about his new job. He describes it as if he is on cloud 9. It also makes the reader feel excited too and urges him/her to keep reading.

The writer not only is excited for his new job but also shows admiration for his post. For example in the passage it states, “biggest busiest and best-known restaurants in the country”. This use of “b” sounds in the alliteration expands on the praise of the restaurant. It highlights how valuable and high-class this restaurant is or as used in the passage, ‘venerable’. It also makes the reader feel quite impressed with the restaurant. The author also describes his fellow workers as, “major league cooks”. This shows is admiration and respect for his fellow workers. This term is usually used for professional baseball players however here it is used by the author to make the reader understand his feelings as praise.

However, the excitement and enthusiasm quickly change as the writer realizes the true nature behind the scenes of the kitchen. It states in the passage, “with no air circulation, with nearly unbearable dry, radiant heat on the other. When I say unbearable, I mean I couldn’t bear it; cooks would regularly pass out and have to be dragged off to recuperate”. This vivid description and imagery used by the writer allow the audience to almost feel the experience themselves. It immerses the reader into the text and makes them understand the horrible situation the author is facing. Additionally, it develops a mood of sympathy as the reader feels bad for the workers of the kitchen. The author uses imagery once again to show what effects the heat have on the cooks. He states in the passage, “Soaked through with sweat, clinging to chest and back. All the cook’s necks and wrists were pink and inflamed with awful heat rashes. It was a madhouse” These sensory details make it evident that there are negative consequences when working under such experiences. The reader can really feel for the writer and his colleagues and understand their misery. The term “madhouse” used by the author also highlights that the restaurant kitchen was a huge mess with lots of heat, hustling, and bustling, as well as chaos.

Although along with these disappointments there was still some element of humor. For example, in the text it says, “a somewhat comical scene as the overweight Italian chef would hurl himself down the narrow line with a fire extinguisher”. This lightens the mood of the passage and allows the reader to have a laugh. It allows the reader to understand the casualness of the time. Additionally, it makes it clear to the reader what the author thinks of the situation. It is evident that the author is enjoying the moment and is having a good time.

Throughout the passage the writer focuses on the chaotic situation in the restaurant kitchen. He also talks about the struggle and endeavor taken up by his fellow chefs to prove themselves. Through his descriptions he is able to convey his experiences and feelings about his new job at the restaurant.